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Excess Alcohol And Tobacco Increases Risk Factors of Pneumonia

risk factors pneumonia
risk factors pneumonia

Risk factors of pneumonia.

.The pneumonia is a disease of great concern to health entities, since, in its passage, it claimed many lives. Despite this, many people are not aware of it. They believe that people who have a weak immune system could have this disease; However, there are other factors such as alcohol and tobacco that increase the risk of suffering from it.

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Yes, this is how you read it. According to Antonio Morales, a pulmonologist at the Dos de Mayo hospital of the Ministry of Health (Minsa), explains that excessive consumption of alcohol and tobacco are factors that increase the risk of contracting pneumonia, due to substances that alter lung defense mechanisms.

alcoholism: the cause of pneumonia.

“What causes pneumonia most are risk factors such as alcoholism, since the consumption of more than 80 grams of alcohol per day conditions and favors the occurrence of pneumonia due to micro aspirations,” said the specialist.

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Regarding the consumption of tobacco, he pointed out that this causes the appearance of infectious agents, especially in older adults.

risk of pneumonia

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“Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, specifically of the lung, caused by one or several infectious agents, which is why tobacco and alcohol can favor a picture of pneumonia. The route of infection can be inhalation, micro-drops, and blood,” he explained.

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To these risk factors are added malnutrition and underlying diseases such as diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, liver cirrhosis, treatment neoplasms, immunosuppression states and other pre-existing lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis and secular bronchiectasis

It is worth mentioning that pneumonia is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; the ranges of the latter can even go from 4 to 12%.

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How to prevent pneumonia?

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risk for pneumonia

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The health specialist explained that overcrowding in the home is another component that facilitates the onset of this disease, since, by staying many people in a closed, poorly ventilated place or with little natural light favors the spread of viruses and bacteria.

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“Precautions must be taken when a large family lives in a house since many times in small and enclosed environments pets are also available. That is why it is recommended to ventilate spaces and protect health with strict hand washing,” he said.

He said that adults should consider the following symptoms: fever, cough with yellowish and greenish sputum (phlegm), shortness of breath, feeling short of breath, chest pain, excessive sleepiness, and lack of appetite.

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A vaccine against pneumococcus and seasonal influenza

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A vaccine against pneumococcus
A vaccine against pneumococcus

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Morales explained that, in older adults and people with previously described chronic systemic diseases, vaccination against pneumococcus and seasonal flu is a measure of prevention of severe pneumonia and helps reduce the incidence of cases and hospitalizations by 16%.

He added that the seasonal influenza vaccine is annual, and the pneumococcus covers between 3 and 5 years, depending on the available presentation.

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